Altitude: 1,160m - 2,607m above sea level.
Bwindi was gazetted as a National Park in 1991 and declared a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site in 1994.
April 1993 the Mubare gorilla group was the first for tourism in Uganda.
Spread over a series of steep ridges and valleys, Bwindi is the source of five major rivers, which flow into Lake Edward.
Bwindi forest national park
Bwindi forest national park is located in southwest of Uganda on the border of Uganda and Democratic republic of Congo. Bwindi forest was gazetted as a reserve in 1932 today it is a world heritage site recognized by UNESCO for Mountain Gorilla tracking safaris. Bwindi impenetrable forest ranges at an altitude of 1,200m and 2,700m above sea level. The Bwindi forest national park covers a series of steep ridges and valleys that form the eastern starting point of the Albertine rift valley. With annual rainfall on average at 1600mm supplying five rivers that flow into Lake Edward as a source since it is a catchment area.
More than half the world’s wild mountain gorilla population is resident in Bwindi forest national park. Estimated at 540 individual gorillas in Bwindi forest, living in separate 23 families.
Though the focus is mountain gorillas in Bwindi forest, there is a staggering 93 mammal species living in this forest more than any other national park in Uganda except Queen Elizabeth national park.
Although the list of mammals consists of mainly small ones such as rodents and bats, you will find chimpanzees, varieties monkeys with common viewings of the blue monkey and black-and-white colobus.
Occasionally forest elephants can be spotted or heard, there are six species of antelopes; the bushbuck and five types of forest duiker.
For bird lover, Bwindi forest national park has 23 particular species characteristic to the Albertine Rift with 14 species found nowhere else but Bwindi forest, among them the African green broadbill, white-tailed blue flycatcher, brown-necked parrot, white-bellied robin chat and Fraser’s eagle owl.
Bwindi forest national park is also home to roughly 300 butterfly species.
Gorilla tracking in Bwindi forest national park is conducted in four main sectors namely Ruhija, Buhoma, Rushaga and Nkuringo.
Gorilla tracking in buhoma will bring you to either one of the following gorilla families Rushegura, Mubare, Katwe, habinyanja.
The Ruhija sector is located east of Bwindi forest and it has the following families Ruhija, Bitukura and Kyaguriro.
While Rushaga located south of has Kahungye, Busingye, Nshongi and Mishaya.
Nkuringo is in the southwest of Bwindi forest with two families the Nkuringo and Christmas gorilla families.
choosing the right safari company.
When to go
All year round you can visit Bwindi forest national park, although the heavy rains are seen in the months of April, May, June, October and November.
Private tour operators, public transport and self driven are options
Where to stay
There is a span of accommodation standards and camp sites.
How to get a gorilla permit
Visiting the Gorillas of Uganda require that you get a tracking permit at a cost of $ 600. Here are some guidelines to follow