Queen Elizabeth spans the equator line; monuments on either side of the road mark the exact spot where it crosses latitude 00.
The park was founded in 1952 as Kazinga National Park, and renamed two years later to commemorate a visit by Queen Elizabeth II.
The park is home to over 95 mammal species and over 600 bird species.
The Katwe explosion craters mark the park's highest point at 1,350m above sea level, while the lowest point is at 910m, at Lake Edward.
Queen Elizabeth national park
Queen Elizabeth national park is outstanding amongst all Uganda national parks because of its popularity and number of visitors it receives for safaris in Uganda. Queen Elizabeth national park runs from the base of the Rwenzori Mountains all the way down to Ishasha in the south. The park protects the entire Ugandan shore of Lake Edward and the western shore of Lake George.
Close to 600 species of birds live in the Queen Elizabeth national park area with these being common; Great white and Pink-backed Pelicans, White-winged Terns, Papyrus Canary, Malachite, woodland Kingfisher and Pied Kingfishers, Black-rumped Buttonquail, Gabon and Slender-tailed Nightjars, Beautiful Black-headed Gonolek, African Fish Eagle. The checklist includes virtually every water bird species resident in Uganda, with a variety of woodland and forest birds with Mweya outstanding for the myriad water birds on the Kazinga Channel and the forest at Ishasha is a good place to see more unusual species.
North of Queen Elizabeth national park’s Kazinga channel
is where you find the main tourist circuit. Some more than 95 mammal species have been recorded in Queen Elizabeth national park. Ten primates species including chimpanzees, vervet, L’Hoest, Black-and-White Colobus and Olive Baboon. 20 predators are residents in Queen Elizabeth national park including Leopards, Lions, Spotted Hyena, Side-striped Jackal, Tsavo cat and the most common antelope species is the Uganda Kob, bushbuck, topi and Deffassa waterbuck with the elusive papyrus swamp antelope the sitatunga antelope found around lake George, while four Duiker species are defined to the Maramagambo forest. Cape Buffaloes are common and they are often reddish in colour leading to interbreeding with forest buffaloes which are a redder race of buffalo living across the border in Congolese rainforest. The elephants in the park also show strong affinities with the smaller much hairier forest-dwelling race of elephants found in the Congo.
As well as its outstanding wildlife attractions, Queen Elizabeth National Park has a fascinating cultural history. There are many opportunities for visitors to meet the local communities and enjoy storytelling, dance, music and more. The gazetting of the park has ensured the conservation of its ecosystems, which in turn benefits the surrounding communities.
Ishasha is the southern sector of Queen Elizabeth national park one of the most alluring game viewing areas in East Africa. The park is dominated by light acacia woodland and savannah. The most common large mammal species in this habitat are Uganda Kobs, topi and buffalo. Elephants are found in the sector. Most famous are the tree-climbing lions. The northern circuit is rated famous and best known for tree-climbing lions, it also pass a swamp where shoebills are frequently seen. While the southern circuit is better for general game viewing with large herds of Cape buffalo.