Corona ViruS Travel Certificate
The PCR testing, which is the NAAT testing or that tests the nucleic acid of the virus itself, is the most sensitive one. And those, actually, to complete the testing process, they need to be done in quite a sophisticated laboratory setting. And, that's why the turnaround time for these tests can take several hours. And, if there's an outbreak and there are lots of samples, it will take several days longer than what we would want to or hope for. The antigen testing that exists now in the market is what we call antigen rapid diagnostic tests. Those looking for the antigen on the outer surface of the virus itself. And those have been developed in a way that they can be done at the bedside or in the field so they do not need the sophisticated laboratory setting to conduct them. They are not as accurate as the PCR testing, but they have a very important value as one of the tools to address the COVID pandemic.
The national test strategy describes when tests for the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus are planned and when tests on your own initiative can be useful. There you will also find recommendations as to which tests are suitable for which situations.
PCR test: The PCR test is considered to be the most reliable method for clarifying a suspected infection with SARS-CoV-2. The evaluation takes place in the laboratory. The result is available after a few hours to days.
PCR Saliva Test and PCR Nasopharnygeal swabs
Rapid antigen test: These tests are carried out by trained personnel. The quick tests are evaluated on-site within 15 to 30 minutes. However, the result is not as reliable as with the PCR test.
Antigen self-test: Self-tests are intended for use by private individuals. Sampling and evaluation are correspondingly simple. The test result is available after 15 to 30 minutes. However, the error rate is slightly higher than with the PCR test.
Tests for the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2
Testing for acute infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus helps identify infected people and break chains of transmission. PCR tests, rapid antigen tests and antigen self-tests are available as tests.
Authorized Laboratories to carry out COVID-19 testing in Uganda:
1. Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI)
2. Central Public Health Laboratory (CPHL)
3. Infectious Disease Institute (IDI) Laboratory
4. Makerere University
5. Mild May Laboratory
6. Tororo Mobile laboratory
7. Mutukula Mobile laboratory
8. Adjumani Mobile laboratory
9. Joint Clinical Research Center (JCRC)
10. Lancet laboratories
11. MBN Laboratory
12. Medical International Hospital
13. Test and Fly Laboratory
14. Uganda Cancer Institute, Fred Hutchison Laboratory
15. IOM Laboratory