Mount Elgon straddles the border between Kenya
. Like most other large mountains in East Africa, Mount Elgon is an extinct volcano, a relic of the volcanic activity that formed the Rift valley several years ago. The main peaks including Wagagi, circle the jagged but largely intact caldera, which at 7 km by 8 km is one of the largest in the world. With crater lakes
filling the caldera which were formed by glacial activity during the Pleistocene era.
Mount Elgon national park Flora and Fauna
While ascending Mount Elgon's enchanting slopes you will meet four-distinct forest types: the lush Montana forest where you will find the Elgon peak, mixed bamboo belt, the fascinating heath and spectacular moorland hyrachs which contain stands of some of the most rare endemic plant species, like the giant lobelia elgonensis and dotted clusters of peculiar groundsels which are unique in Africa.
You will also encounter the dense shrubs and brilliant wild everlasting flowers that will add to your Mount Elgon adventure.
Bird lovers will enjoy about 300 bird species
including the endangered lammergeiers, the rare Jackson's francolin, guinea fowls, sun-birds and turacos among others.
A number of primates inhabit the mountain, other animals include bush-buck, antelope, civet, wildcat and the elusive leopard roam below. Bush duiker, hyena, jackal, rock hyrax, buffalo and elephant rove between the forest and the moorland. Many of these animals visit Mount Elgon's bat filled caves for their valuable mineral deposits.