Plan your safari


A valid passport is required for all travel to east Africa, it should have 6month validity before expiration date after returning from your trip. In certain cases foreign passport holders require entry, re-entry or departure permits and/or visas to enter a country.
Contacting the relevant authorities / embassies in good time to check and arrange the necessary permits and visas prior to your departure. Don’t trust websites (such as wikipedia) as information can be outdated.
All travelers must be in possession of a valid onward/return air ticket or proof of other means of transport enabling the traveler to leave the country in which your adventure tour terminates. Alternatively you must have proof of sufficient funds (e.g. credit card) enabling you to purchase an air ticket to leave the country.
Please note that visas are the responsibility of the traveler and that will not be held responsible for travelers being denied entry into east Africa should they not be in the possession of the relevant visas.
How to find the diplomatic embassies contact details
Visit this useful website , get the details and phone the nearest consulate for up to date information.

Money Matters

US Dollars, GB Sterling, Euro and select international currencies are used within Africa, with US Dollar being the most popular. You will find food, taxi, accommodation and optional activity prices are all quoted in US Dollars.
US Dollars cash notes must be issued POST 2009. No notes pre-dated are accepted due to fraudulent notes rife in East Africa. You can pre-order US Cash notes from your local bank or foreign exchange office prior to arriving in Africa.
It is also best to bring a combination of larger denominations (USD100 and USD50) to pay for your Local Payment and smaller denominations (USD50, UDS20, USD 10 and USD5) for spending money, visas and optional activities.
ATMs are found throughout East Africa and other major towns and cities through East Africa. Please note that when drawing money from a local ATM, you will receive local currency.
Banking facilities
There are full banking facilities in the major towns based on weekly business hours 8:30am – 4:00pm. Here you can change money and withdraw cash from a credit card. Visa and Master Card are preferential, as other cards may not be widely accepted. There are several forex bureaus that exchange money and offer better rates than the bank.
Local Payment & Gorilla Permits
Local Payments must be paid in US Dollars cash or Shillings specific to the east African country you might be in as required by your chosen East African tour.
Gorilla Permits can be pre-paid (on select tours) and mostly paid in US Dollars cash on tour departure. We will advise you based on your chosen tour.
Optional Activities
These are mostly paid in cash or traveler’s cheques in the currency quoted on the optional activities list.
Depending on your nationality, visas are paid in US Dollars upon arrival at an international airport or border post. Please contact the relevant country Embassy / Consulate for confirmation on your particular requirements and the visa application process. There is also an East African visa which applies to Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda.
Tipping is entirely at your own discretion or, based on the following guideline:
• Driver/ tour leader: USD 5 to USD 10 per person per day
• Camp assistant / cook: USD 3 to USD 5 per person per day
• National Parks guides/optional activities: USD 2 to USD 3 per person per day
• Restaurant or Bar staff/waitrons: 10% of total bill
Emergency expenses
Sometimes political or civil unrest and other circumstances beyond our control will mean the group has to make alternative travel plans, therefore keep some extra cash on you for these occasions.
Keep in mind that with most Travel Insurance policies – you need to cover the expense and then claim from your insurance.


If you are travelling to African countries including Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Ghana, Nigeria, Sudan and other African countries the following vaccinations are generally recommended;

It is a good idea to ensure you are up to date with all the common childhood vaccinations before visiting an African country (you may even need a booster). This includes immunisations for Tetanus and Diphtheriaand Diphtheria, Whooping cough (Pertussis), polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR).

Hepatitis A (also called Hep A or HAV) is typically transmitted through contaminated food or very close personal contact with an infected person. Water-borne outbreaks can happen in under-developed or developing countries. The full two-dose Hep A vaccine is strongly recommended when visiting under-developed or developing countries and other precautions for hygiene and food safety should be taken.

Some African countries won’t let you enter without the required vaccinations. The most common vaccination required on entry into African countries is Yellow Fever vaccination. Your Travel Doctor will be able to recommend when vaccinations form part of your destination country’s entry requirements.

A Yellow Fever vaccination is compulsory if you are returning to Australia from Uganda and a vaccination certificate from an approved travel vaccination centre will be required upon re-entry. Yellow Fever mainly spreads from the bite of infected mosquitoes. We strongly advise travellers to vaccinate against Yellow Fever. The Yellow Fever vaccination is not compatible with some vaccinations so we recommend you seek travel vaccination advise well before the departure. Please note that the Yellow Fever Vaccination is a mandatory vaccination when travelling to some African countries.

Typhoid Fever is caused by bacteria (from the Bacteria Salmonella group) found in contaminated food and water. Food is commonly contaminated by the hands of carriers and examples of food that could be contaminated are ice, shell-fish from sewerage contaminated water, raw fruits, vegetables, milk and milk products. Typhoid fever occurs worldwide but is more common in developing countries. We strongly recommend protecting yourself by getting the Typhoid Vaccine if you are travelling to a developing country.

Depending on the destination, purpose and length of your trip a Rabies vaccination may be recommended. Rabies is typically transmitted by a bite or scratch from an infected animal. If you are intending to work on farms or work with other animals, we strongly advise you to have the prophylactic anti-Rabies vaccination. As this vaccination involves a series of three vaccinations it is recommended you plan ahead for it.

Meningitis can be viral, fungal or bacterial in nature. Meningitis is caused when the protective membranes (meninges) covering the brain and spinal cord become swollen and inflamed. Symptoms can be similar to those of the common flu. The different types of Meningitis differ in severity and the most serious bacterial form of Meningitis is Meningococcal Meningitis. Meningococcal Meningitis can be fatal. It is transmitted from person to person by direct contact and / through coughing and sneezing. Mencevax can protect you against this form of Meningitis.

The above vaccinations are recommendations only. See your travel doctor to get health and vaccination recommendations based on your overall health, age and your travel itinerary. Book your appointment online with the International Travel Vaccination Clinic well in advance of your trip because some vaccines may require a long period to take effect and more than one dose may be required.


Other health risks when travelling in Africa may be:

Cholera is common in developing countries and is associated with poverty and poor sanitation. Cholera is a severe infectious diarrhoeal disease, caused by the Vibrio cholera bacteria. Untreated, Cholera can result in rapid dehydration and death. Cholera is most commonly spread through the ingestion of food and water that is contaminated by infected human faeces. The risk of getting Cholera can be significantly minimised by following proper sanitary practices and by following the rules of eating and drinkingsafely. Oral vaccines for Cholera are available if required.

Depending on your destination and how long you are travelling for, Malaria medications may be recommended. Malaria prevention is based on two defences:

Oral prophylaxis medication

Personal protection against mosquitos.

It is best to consult your travel doctor for advice on the best Malaria medication based on your trip as Malaria is widespread and some strains of Malaria are chloroquine resistant.

African Sleeping Sickness occurs in 36 sub-Saharan African countries. The disease, known technically as human African trypanosomiasis, is a parasitic disease transmitted by the tsetse fly (who has acquired it’s infection from humans or animals harbouring human pathogenic parasites). The disease is treatable, but prevention is your best option. Follow the tips for preventing insect bites advice to help avoid being bitten.

Bilharzia, also called ‘snail sickness’ or Schistosomiasis, is a parasitic disease transmitted by contact with contaminated fresh water (lakes, ponds, rivers and dams) which is inhabited by snails infected with one of five varieties of the parasite Schistosoma. You risk contracting the disease by swimming, bathing, fishing and washing your clothes in contaminated water. To avoid infection:

Avoid swimming or bathing in fresh water. The ocean or chlorinated water should be safe. Water held in a water tank for longer than a day should be safe.

Boil your bathing water for more than a minute and then allow to cool before bathing to avoid scalding.

Drink safe water.

If you have had contact with contaminated water overseas see your health practitioner on your return for testing and treatment if required.

Remember, cleaning your hands often using either soap and water or waterless, alcohol-based hand rubs removes potentially infectious materials from your skin and helps prevent disease transmission.